3. Data Life Cycle

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3.4.2 Precision & Accuracy

one can be very precise but… also very inaccurate.

Often incorrectly used as synonyms, these two terms have very different meanings as illustrated by this diagram.

ISO standard 5725 1 refers to trueness as a better word for describing the principles and methods used for measuring and assessing the accuracy of a test. Trueness is defined as the degree of agreement between the arithmetic mean of a large number of test results and an accepted reference value; precision refers to the agreement between test results.

Data management errors are generally defined by their source:

Errors can also be called "systemic" when they present similarities in occurrence and pattern ("bias" is also used) or, on the contrary, called "random" when no particular trend is detected.

TO LIMIT ERRORS:

  1. ISO 5725-1:1994. Accuracy (Trueness and Precision) of Measurement Methods and Results. https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:11833:en